第76.77节下定决心--决策心理学(13.14)(Section 76.77 Determination - decision making psychology (13.14))word免费下载

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简介 第节下定决心决策心理学()(SectionDeterminationdecisionmakingpsychology())第节下定决心决策心理学()(SectionDeterminationd

第节下定决心决策心理学()(SectionDeterminationdecisionmakingpsychology())第节下定决心决策心理学()(SectionDeterminationdecisionmakingpsychology())Theseventysixthsection:Determinationdecisionmakingpsychology()SowhatstheresultoftheelectionTheLabourPartyledbyTonyBlairwonalandslidevictory!IfonlythefaceweresuitableHeightisnottheonlystrangefactorthataffectsthewaywelookatotherpeopleWeusedtohavemorehairthanwedonowWhenwewereapemen,ourfacesandbodieswerecoveredwiththickhairHowever,mostofourhairhasfadedafterthousandsofyearsofevolutionAsforwhythissituationoccurs,thereisstillalotofcontroversySomeresearchersthinkthatsbecausewegraduallyleftthedarkwoodsandventuredintothewarmsteppes,sonomorehairneededtokeepwarmOtherresearchersbelievethatthelossofbodyandfacialhairistoreducetheriskofliceandparasitesthatcanspreaddiseaseInanycase,somepeoplechosetoreversetheoutcomeofevolutionandbegantoshowallkindsoffacialhairHowever,doingsohasunwittinglychangedtheperceptionandperceptionofpeoplearoundthemIn,psychologistRobertPellegrinistudiedtheeffectsoffacialhaironpersonalityperceptionhemanagedtofindyoungmenwhowerewillingtoshaveofftheirbeardsinthenameofsciencePellegrinitookapictureofeveryonebeforethebarberbegantodigathisbeardThen,withonlygoateeandmoustacheontheirfaces,theytookone,andtookoneatthetimeofthemoustache,andfinallytookoneafterthebeardwascompletelycleanPellegrini,pleaserandomlyselectedgroupsofpeopletoassessthepersonalityofpeopleindifferentphotosTheresultsshowedthatthemorebeardstherewere,themorelikelyitwastodescribepeoplespersonalityinphotographswithmasculine,mature,superior,selfconfidence,andbraveryPellegrinisaid:ineveryshavenman,theremaybeabeardscreamingoutIfso,theresultsofthecurrentstudyprovideastrongtheoreticalbasisforthisneedPellegrinisresearchcanbeveryprofound,butforgettoaskaveryimportantquality:honestyIfhehadasked,hemightnothavecometosuchapositiveconclusionAccordingtoarecentsurvey,morethanofthepopulationintheWestthinkbeardsfreemenaremorehonestanddependablethanbeardedmenItisclearthatbeardscancausemotivestobeimpure,deliberatelyveiledandassociatedwithbadhygienichabitsAlthoughitdoesntmatterwhetheryouhaveabeardornot,thestereotypeofabeardaffectsallovertheworldIntheForbeslistoftherichestpeopleinthetopwithoutabeard,fromthebeginningof,victoryintheUSpresidentialelectioncandidatesdonothaveabeard,perhapsisthereasonwhyPsychologistshavedonealotofresearchintotheeffectsoffacialfeaturesonpersonalityandabilityperception,andthestudyofthebeardisonlyasmallaspectofitRecently,AlexanderTodorovandcolleaguesfromthePrincetonUniversitypublishedastudyclaimingthatfacialfeaturesplayacrucialroleinpeoplespoliticalcareersTuoduoloveletthestudentswatchafewgroupsofblackandwhiteheadcloseuppicturesofpeopleare,andtheUnitedStatesSenateelectionwinnersandlosersTodorovaskedthestudentstopointoutwhichofthemwasbetterqualifiedforeachsenatorAlthoughthestudentsjustglancedatthepictures,theirchoicecoincidedwiththeactualelectionresultsbyasmuchasNotonlythat,butalsocanpredicttheelectionresultmoreaccuratelyaccordingtothedifferenceofthestudentsviewIfmoststudentsfeelthatoneofthepicturesofapersonlooksthemostcapable,thenthepersonisclearlythewinnerintheelectionIfthereisabigdifferenceinthestudentsviews,itisunlikelytoaccuratelyreflecttheactualresultsoftheelectionTheseventyseventhsection:Determinationdecisionmakingpsychology()Ifthestereotypeoffacialfeaturescanaffecttheballotboxintheballotbox,arethereanyothersceneswherefacialfeaturesarecriticalForexample,doesthisstereotypeaffecthowpeopleareconvictedincourtSo,jury,doesthislooklikethefaceofacoldbloodedkillerInthesecondchapter,Idescribehowmyfirstmassmediapsychologyexperiment,withSirRobinDayshelp,wasdesignedtoexplorethepsychologyoflyingThreeyearslater,IwentbacktothesamestudioanddidsecondexperimentsThistimetheexperimentwasmuchlargerandmuchmorecomplicatedthanthefirstexperimentThistime,wewanttoseeifjusticeisblind(justice,is,blind),theoriginalmeaningisjusticedoesntlookatpeopleTheauthordeliberatelydistortsblindintoblindhereTheinspirationforthestudycamefromtheoccasionalGaryLarsencartoonexpeditionThecartoonsceneisacourt,thedefendantslawyerissaidtothejuryThelawyerpointedtothedefendantandsaid,well,thejuryDoesthislooklikethefaceofacoldbloodedkillerSittingonthedockofamanbutthemaninWesterndressandleathershoes,thefacedoesnotappear,thereaderisatypicalcartoonsmiley:onbehalfofthetwoblackeyes,aconvexdownwardsemicirclerepresentstheshapeofthemouthsmileLikeallgoodcomedies,Larsonsmangamademelaughfromthebottomofmyheart,butthenIwaslostinthoughtThejurysdecisionsareserious,soitsimportantthattheystayasrationalaspossibleIthinkitwouldbeinterestingtotrythissocalledsenseofreasoninanexperimentalwaySo,inthelivebroadcastofBroadcastingBritishCorporationsflagshiptechnologyshowTomorrowWorld,weinvitetheaudiencetoplaytheroleofthejuryWellplayavideoofthemocktrial,andthenasktheaudiencetodetermineifthedefendantisguiltyinthevideoViewerscanvotebydialingtwodifferentphonenumbersButtheviewersdontknowWevedividedthecountryintotwobiggroupsWefoundthattheBroadcastingBritishCorporationprogramwascoveredbydifferenttransmittersacrossthecountryGenerallyspeaking,thesetransmitterstransmitthesamesignals,sothenationalTVviewersareallthesameHowever,inordertocoincidewiththeexperiment,theBroadcastingBritishCorporationcametousagreenlighttoletthesetransmitterstransmittwodifferentsignals,whichwillbetheBritishtelevisionaudienceoftwoviewerstoseetheOnedividesintotwo,groupistwodifferentprogramsTheaccusedwaschargedwithbreakinginandstealingacomputer,andalltelevisionviewerssawthesameevidenceofcrimeHowever,thetwogroupsofspectatorsseethedefendantsdifferentlyOneofthedefendantshadfacialfeaturesthatwereinperfectagreementwiththecommonlyseencriminalsacollapsednoseanddeepsunkensocketsAnotherdefendantsfacialfeaturesgivetheimpressionofinnocencebabysfaceandclearblueeyesToensurethattheexperimentwasnotaffectedbyotherfactors,thetwodefendantsworeexactlythesameclothes,sittingintheexactsameseatonthedock,andwereexpressionless。